ESP8266IoT Projects

IoT Based Pulse Oximeter Using ESP8266 & Blynk

ESP8266 based Pulse Oximeter using Blynk BPM & SpO2

Overview: IoT Pulse Oximeter

In this project, you will learn to make IoT based Pulse Oximeter using NodeMCU ESP8266, MAX30100, and Blynk Application. In our previous project, we have made a compact Arduino-based Pulse oximeter in which Pulse rate and Sp02 level are shown in OLED Display. But in today’s project, we can monitor those values from anywhere in the world using the Blynk IoT cloud platform.


Components Required

To make this IoT based Pulse oximeter you will need the NodeMCU ESP8266 Development board. A 0.96″ SSD1306 OLED Display, MAX30100 Pulse oximeter sensor, few jumper cables, and breadboard. You can buy all these components from the Amazon link provided below.

S.NComponents NameDescriptionQuantityGet Products from Amazon
1NodeMCUESP8266 12E Board1https://amzn.to/3mTuL95
2MAX30100 Oximeter SensorMAX30100 Heart Rate Oximeter Sensor Arduino Module1https://amzn.to/3hdjkt2
3OLED Display0.96" I2C OLED Display1https://amzn.to/32WRubSv
4Jumper WiresJumper Cables breadboard friendly20https://amzn.to/3vw9ZAt
5BreadboardMini Breadboard1https://amzn.to/2NP2UKL

Working of MAX30100 Pulse Oximeter Sensor

The sensor has two LEDs, one emitting red light, the other emitting infrared light. Infrared light is required for pulse rate. But, Both red light and infrared light are required for measuring Sp02 levels in the blood.

When the heart pumps the blood, the oxygen level is increased because there is more blood. But, when the heart rests, there is a decrease in oxygenated blood. Hence, the pulse rate is determined by getting the time between the rise and fall of oxygenated blood.

MAX30100 Pulse Oximeter Sensor

The oxygenated blood absorbs more infrared light and passes more red light. But, deoxygenated blood absorbs red light and passes more infrared light. Basically, the MAX30100 sensor reads the absorption levels for both light sources and stores them in a buffer that can be read via I2C pins.


Interfacing MAX30100 & OLED Display with ESP8266

The Circuit assembly for this IoT Pulse oximeter is very simple. Both OLED display and MAX30100 Oximeter Sensor works with the I2C bus. So, Interface the I2C pins (SCL &SDA) of both modules with D1 and D2 pins of NodeMCU. Connect the INT pin of the MAX30100 oximeter sensor to the NodeMCU D0 pin. Similarly, provide 3.3V power to the VCC and Ground the GND pin of both sensors. Basically, you can follow the circuit diagram to make your connections.

Circuit Diagram of IoT Based Pulse Oximeter using MAX30100 sensor

PCB Designing for IoT Pulse Oximeter

The PCB for IoT Based Pulse Oximeter has been designed in PCB making tool. Here, you can see the View of the PCB.

MAX30100 Pulse Oximeter and NodeMCU PCB

The Gerber file for the PCB is given below. You can download the Gerber file and order the PCB online from PCBWay.

PCB Ordering & Assembly

Now you can visit https://www.PCBWay.com/ and order the PCB. It is one of the biggest PCB manufacturer companies in China. They offer very good quality PCB at a reasonable price.

PCBWay website

So after a week you will get the PCB from PCBWay. The PCB quality is good and excellent.

NodeMCU MAX30100 and OLED PCB Design

Now, you can solder all the necessary components as per circuit diagram.


Setting up Blynk Application for IoT Pulse Oximeter

Now download this blink application from the play store/App store available for both Android and iOS. Sign up to the Blynk IoT cloud using your email address and password.

Now, click on the new project give your project a name. I am giving the “IoT pulse oximeter” select the NodeMCU board and then set the connection type as WiFi. Finally, click on create button.

IoT Pulse Oximeter Project using NodeMCU

The Blynk Authentication token will be sent to your email address. We will need it later on programming.

Tap on the plus (+) icon on your main screen and add two gauges then we will add two value display widgets.

Two Gauge and two Value Display Widget

One will show you the BPM values and others will show you the oxygen level (Sp02). For BPM We’ll select the virtual pin V1 and we’ll set the value from 0 to 130 you can also set the colors for this gauge. Now we’ll set the Value Display.  we’ll add the same values in the value display also because they both will act the same.

  • BPM Gauge Setup on Pulse Oximeter
  • BPM Display settings

Now we’ll do for the oxygen level. we’ll select the virtual V2 pin and we’ll select the values from 0 to 100 give it some color I’m giving blue and we’ll set the one-second refresh rate. we will do the same for value display settings with the same pin that is V2 same values 0 to 100 & one-second refresh rate and color.

  • Sp02 Gauge setting
  • Oxygen Sp02 Value level configuration

That’s it with the application setup for IoT Based Pulse Oximeter Using ESP8266 & Blynk. Your final app look like below screenshot.

Pulse Oximeter on Blynk Setup

Program Code: IoT Pulse Oximeter

Once we complete the hardware connection and Blynk App configuration. We need to upload the IoT Pulse Oximeter Source code to NodeMCU ESP8266 Board. Before uploading the code we need to install few libraries for code compilation. Download the library files from below:

//IoT Based Pulse Heart Rate BPM and Oxygen SpO2 Monitor

#include <Wire.h>
#include "MAX30100_PulseOximeter.h"
#define BLYNK_PRINT Serial
#include <Blynk.h>
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <BlynkSimpleEsp8266.h>
#include "Adafruit_GFX.h"
#include "OakOLED.h"

#define REPORTING_PERIOD_MS 1000
OakOLED oled;

char auth[] = "xxxxx-xxxx-xxx";             // Authentication Token Sent by Blynk
char ssid[] = "xxxxx-xxxx-xxx";        //WiFi SSID
char pass[] = "xxxxx-xxxx-xxx";        //WiFi Password

// Connections : SCL PIN - D1 , SDA PIN - D2 , INT PIN - D0
PulseOximeter pox;

float BPM, SpO2;
uint32_t tsLastReport = 0;

const unsigned char bitmap [] PROGMEM =
{
  0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x80, 0x18, 0x00, 0x0f, 0xe0, 0x7f, 0x00, 0x3f, 0xf9, 0xff, 0xc0,
  0x7f, 0xf9, 0xff, 0xc0, 0x7f, 0xff, 0xff, 0xe0, 0x7f, 0xff, 0xff, 0xe0, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xf0,
  0xff, 0xf7, 0xff, 0xf0, 0xff, 0xe7, 0xff, 0xf0, 0xff, 0xe7, 0xff, 0xf0, 0x7f, 0xdb, 0xff, 0xe0,
  0x7f, 0x9b, 0xff, 0xe0, 0x00, 0x3b, 0xc0, 0x00, 0x3f, 0xf9, 0x9f, 0xc0, 0x3f, 0xfd, 0xbf, 0xc0,
  0x1f, 0xfd, 0xbf, 0x80, 0x0f, 0xfd, 0x7f, 0x00, 0x07, 0xfe, 0x7e, 0x00, 0x03, 0xfe, 0xfc, 0x00,
  0x01, 0xff, 0xf8, 0x00, 0x00, 0xff, 0xf0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x7f, 0xe0, 0x00, 0x00, 0x3f, 0xc0, 0x00,
  0x00, 0x0f, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00
};

void onBeatDetected()
{
  Serial.println("Beat Detected!");
  oled.drawBitmap( 60, 20, bitmap, 28, 28, 1);
  oled.display();
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  oled.begin();
  oled.clearDisplay();
  oled.setTextSize(1);
  oled.setTextColor(1);
  oled.setCursor(0, 0);

  oled.println("Initializing pulse oximeter..");
  oled.display();

  pinMode(16, OUTPUT);
  Blynk.begin(auth, ssid, pass);

  Serial.print("Initializing Pulse Oximeter..");

  if (!pox.begin())
  {
    Serial.println("FAILED");
    oled.clearDisplay();
    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 0);
    oled.println("FAILED");
    oled.display();
    for (;;);
  }
  else
  {
    oled.clearDisplay();
    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 0);
    oled.println("SUCCESS");
    oled.display();
    Serial.println("SUCCESS");
    pox.setOnBeatDetectedCallback(onBeatDetected);
  }

  // The default current for the IR LED is 50mA and it could be changed by uncommenting the following line.
  //pox.setIRLedCurrent(MAX30100_LED_CURR_7_6MA);

}

void loop()
{
  pox.update();
  Blynk.run();

  BPM = pox.getHeartRate();
  SpO2 = pox.getSpO2();
      if (millis() - tsLastReport > REPORTING_PERIOD_MS)
  {
    Serial.print("Heart rate:");
    Serial.print(BPM);
    Serial.print(" SpO2:");
    Serial.print(SpO2);
    Serial.println(" %");

    Blynk.virtualWrite(V1, BPM);
    Blynk.virtualWrite(V2, SpO2);
    
    oled.clearDisplay();
    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 16);
    oled.println(pox.getHeartRate());

    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 0);
    oled.println("Heart BPM");

    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 30);
    oled.println("Spo2");

    oled.setTextSize(1);
    oled.setTextColor(1);
    oled.setCursor(0, 45);
    oled.println(pox.getSpO2());
    oled.display();

    tsLastReport = millis();
  }
}

Now connect your ESP8266 NodeMCU board with your computer. Copy the above source code. first, enter the authentication token sent to you by the blink while configuring the app. Now, enter your WiFi name and your WiFi password. Finally, select the board that is NodeMCU 12 E-board and select the COM port, and upload the code.

Interfacing MAX30100 with ESP8266 NodeMCU

Testing IoT Pulse Oximeter

ESP8266 Pulse Oximeter Blynk BPM SpO2

So now this project is ready. just place your finger on the sensor and it will display the values of your pulse rate and the oxygen level in your body. Similarly, you can view these values on display as well as on a smartphone using the blynk application. You can monitor BPM and Sp02 values from anywhere in the world using Blynk Cloud.

ESP8266 Pulse Oximeter Blynk BPM SpO2

Video Tutorial & Guide

Conclusion

That’s all about IoT Based Pulse Oximeter Using ESP8266 & Blynk. So friends I hope you like this tutorial. Please share it with your friends. If you face any problem with this project feel free to comment down below.

Alsan Parajuli

I am a WordPress enthusiast, a hardworking and highly positive person. I always believes in practicality rather than theoretical knowledge. With my curiosity and fast learning skills, I managed to learn everything on my own. I love coding, editing, writing and rummaging around Internet. I am passionate about IoT Projects, Digital marketing, website designing, and reviewing. Moreover, I had been contributing to WordPress Biratnagar as an active member since 2018.

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